Polar bears and narwhal: wildlife viewing in Nunavut
Nunavut is a territory shrouded in mystery. Its freezing waters and long winters make it one of Canada’s most remote frontiers, and its wildlife is equally legendary. In fact, Nunavut is home to some of the largest, strongest, and strangest animals in the world.
When the ice begins to melt and the temperature heats up, Nunavut is home to some of the best wildlife viewing in the world. Discover the animals that call Nunavut home, and how to see them up close.
Polar bears, or 'Nanuq' in Inuktitut, are probably the most widely recognised symbols of the Arctic. These giant white creatures roam the floe edge, hunting for seals and other prey. When you look through the lens of your camera at a mother polar bear and two tiny cubs trailing behind, you'll fall in love. But make no mistake: these animals are extremely dangerous. They're powerful hunters, and males can grow up to 3 metres in height, and weigh more than 680 kilograms. In other words, your camera needs a zoom lens!
Polar bear watching is an incredible experience combining sheer beauty with thrilling proximity. Connect with a polar bear expert in a community like Arviat, Hall Beach or Repulse Bay. These guides know exactly how close you can get, and where you're likely to find these incredible animals.
For a unique experience, join Arctic Kingdom for a fly-in polar bear migration safari. You'll fly into a camp south of Arviat, along the same route that polar bears migrate in search of sea ice. At the camp, soak up unparalleled views of the surrounding area, home to polar bears, the Arctic fox, and the wolverine.
The huge shaggy coats of muskox are unmistakable -- every animal looks like cousin Itt from the Addams Family. Dating back to the Pleistocene Ice Age, muskox migrated into Nunavut around 150,000 years ago, alongside the equally shaggy woolly mammoth.
Today, around 60,000 muskox remain in Nunavut, usually travelling in herds of 10 to 20 animals. If you want to see the shaggy coats and curved horns in person, hook up with a local guide in Cambridge Bay, Gjoa Haven or Grise Fiord. Or, grab the binoculars and keep a lookout for muskox during a Northwest Passage cruise with Adventure Canada
A little skinnier than the muskox but no less impressive, more than 750,000 caribou live in Nunavut. These animals travel in magnificent herds, migrating over the tundra as they have done for thousands of years.
Caribou are the most important land animal to the Inuit, providing them with food, clothing, tools, and shelter. Locals know the migration patterns of these animals, with communities like Baker Lake, Cambridge Bay, Chesterfield Inlet, and Repulse Bay being great place to connect with local guides and head out to view caribou.
Do you like a little adventure with your wildlife viewing? Marvel at thousands of caribou as you raft down the Burnside River with Canadian River Expeditions. Whether you’re a beginner or an expert paddler, your guides will navigate river waters while you focus on enjoying the remarkable journey; your own, and that of the Bathurst Inlet caribou.
Remember the walrus from the Alice in Wonderland movie, with his suit and hat, smoking a cigar? Real walrus aren’t like that at all, except for maybe the moustache. They tend to roll around, growling at each other and clumsily fighting over the best place to tan.
This doesn’t make walrus viewing any less interesting. The animals are massive, reaching up to 4 metres in length and weighing over 1,800 kilograms. When two rival males perk up, showing each other their lengthy tusks and start a shoving match, it’s a sight you’ll never forget.
In many of Nunavut’s waterfront communities, such as Coral Harbour, Grise Fiord, Hall Beach, and Igloolik, you can hop on a boat tour and visit walrus where they spend their time: out on the ice.
The unicorns of the sea! Narwhals are a strange, incredible species of whale, with long tusks extending up to three metres from their heads. Despite the appearance, these tusks aren't actually used for fighting. The narwhal tusk is an enlarged tooth with amazing sensory capabilities. Scientists believe it could be used for gathering information from the water and even communicating with their colleagues.
Narwhals travel in pods of between four and 20 and spend most of the year feeding on squid and flatfish beneath the ice. They move closer to shore during summer, which is prime time for narwhal-viewing expeditions. Connect with a local guide in Arctic Bay, Pond Inlet or Resolute for the chance to see these mythical beasts in person. Arctic Kingdom also offers a narwhal and polar bear safari that will potentially expose you to hundreds of narwhals as they feed on the floe edge, just steps from your tent.
From the narwhal we move to its cousin: the beautiful white beluga. These playful whales squeak and splash, congregating in pods at the mouth of several Nunavut rivers. Guides in the communities of Arviat, Chesterfield Inlet, Rankin Inlet, and Whale Cove can take you out to see beluga from land or by boat.
For the ultimate beluga-watching experience, pay a visit to Arctic Watch. Near this incredible camp on the remote Cunningham Inlet, some 2,000 beluga whales play, molt, mate, and nurse their young just offshore. Nowhere else in the world do more whales gather so consistently. You can literally walk 15 minutes, set up a camera, and take pictures of hundreds of whales, or climb a special tower and photograph them from above.
Rounding out the marine wildlife in Nunavut is the biggest of the bunch: the bowhead whale. These gentle giants can weigh up to 136 tons, second only to the blue whale in mass, and possess the largest mouth of any animal. The dark-coloured whales also reach a remarkable 18 metres in length. There's just no way to describe the powerful effect of getting close to an animal so large. You really have to see it to believe!
Bowhead whales spend the entire year in the waters of Nunavut, many along the east coast of Baffin Island. To see them, pay a visit to Ninginganiq National Wildlife Area at Isabella Bay, the world's first sanctuary to protect these whales. Every summer, up to 200 of these whales will feed and rest in this area. Hop on a tour with Adventure Canada, and get out in the water with some of the biggest animals in the world.
Discover more about wildlife viewing and connect with tour operators on the Nunavut Tourism website.