There’s no denying that Quebec is a high-brow foodie destination. But this story is about the quintessential dishes that have come to characterise the province and its people. These are the dishes that the locals eat at home or at the diner on the corner. It’s the stuff of guilty pleasures and nostalgic childhood memories.
If you’re after an authentic Quebec experience, let your taste buds lead the way.
Don't believe the hype about New York; Montreal has the best bagels in the world. While you're in town, take your appetite to the bagel giants of Montreal. St-Viateur and Fairmount Bagel have long shared the crown, so try both and see which one you favour. Toasted, cold, plain or with smoked salmon and cream cheese, one bagel is never enough.
People have come to associate not just Quebec, but all of Canada with poutine. A trip to Quebec is not complete without indulging in a messy pile of chips, cheese curds, and gravy. Friendships have ended over debates about 'the best' poutine, so we won't try to sway you, but we promise you'll find it here in this province. In Quebec City, many people swear by Snack Bar Saint-Jean for authentic poutine. If you're in Montreal, La Banquise has more than 30 types of poutine to choose from and is open 24 hours a day. Anywhere in between? Keep an eye out for a roadside truck or chippies. Poutine-fans flock to Quebec during the first week of February to indulge in many different varieties during Poutine Week.
Quebec is far and away the largest producer of maple syrup in the world, and tire sur la neige allows you to taste it close to the source. Tire sur la neige is essentially boiled maple sap that you roll onto a stick over snow or ice--not exactly fine dining, but absolutely delicious. The only way to experience it is at a sugar shack, where they collect the sap from the trees in the spring. You'll find the majority of these in the Laurentians or Mont?r?gie regions of southern Quebec.
Smoked meat sandwiches
A big thank you to the Jewish community for two of Quebec's 'clich?d' dishes. Alongside bagels sits the smoked meat sandwich, a bastion of fatty, salty, perfect deliciousness. Though similar to traditional pastrami, Montreal smoked meat uses different spices on the beef brisket. And if you're going to try it anywhere, it needs to be at the famous Schwartz's Montreal Hebrew Delicatessen. They've been doing it since 1928, so you better believe they know what they're doing. Grab a cherry cola, get the smoked meat on rye, and see if you can stop at just one.
While there are innumerable differences between Quebecers and the French, the two cultures do share a real love of cheese. Quebec is a huge producer of chees and it's impossible to roll all the varieties and artisans into one category. Depending on where you're staying, we suggest you ask around for local specialties, and find your new favourite. Or, if you don't like to choose, there's an entire travel route dedicated to cheese for you to follow, jumping between 50 different cheesemakers many of which are located in the beautiful Eastern Townships. That's my kind of scenic drive.
Authentic Quebecois dishes
F?ves au lard
F?ves au lard can be loosely translated into beans with fat. It's an accurate translation. F?ves au lard are baked beans, often seasoned with maple syrup and served as a side with breakfast. This dish dates back to the days of pioneers and fur trappers, when a hearty, fatty meal was essential before a hard day's work. This tradition lives on at most sugar shacks and breakfast spots, but if you're in the city pay a visit to La Binerie Mont-Royal, in Montreal's Plateau district. Named after their famous beans, they've been serving them up hot for over 75 years.
If you're out at breakfast and your server leaves a small container of meat on your table, don't be confused; it's probably just creton. Creton is a salty pork spread, almost like a pate but a little less smooth, that Quebecers will eat with breakfast. It's most often eaten on toast, alongside a few other classic breakfast dishes, like the previously mentioned f?ves au lard. This is one of those 'tastes much better than it looks' dishes.
P?t? chinois is the Quebecois version of shepherd's pie: mashed potatoes sitting on top of layers of minced beef, onions, and corn. The name of this dish curiously translates into 'Chinese pie' or 'Chinese pate,' but it is a purely French-Canadian meal. Many people believe the origin of the name dates back to the construction of railways in the 19th century, when Chinese workers would be fed meals using cheap ingredients (like potatoes, corn, beef, and onions). Whatever its origins, it's a classic, delicious meal that most people would eat at home, or in authentic Quebecois restaurants.
Tourti?re is a simple meat pie, Quebec style. Minced pork or beef is baked in a pie crust with spices and eaten with tomato sauce. The meal is such a pillar in the Quebecois diet that it's often eaten on Christmas Eve or on New Year's Eve. Every family, sugar shack, and restaurant has a different take on this classic. We recommend Aux Anciens Canadiens in Quebec City for your first tourti?re experience.
Tarte au sucre
From breakfast and dinner we move to dessert, and tarte au sucre (literally ‘sugar pie’) is about as sweet as it gets. Sugar pie is essentially like a jam tart without the jam: pie crust, brown sugar, butter, flour and vanilla. However, it’s not just a Quebecois dish. It’s believed to have originated in France or Belgium, and a variation of sugar pie is apparently quite popular in Indiana. But Quebec might just be the leading consumer of tarte au sucre, and you won’t have a hard time finding it in a restaurant, grocery store or, preferably, at a local’s house.
Poor man’s pudding (pouding chômeur)
Are you sensing a theme developing? Many authentic Quebec dishes trace their origins back to the harder times, when you had to make do with what you had. Over time, locals grew to love and appreciate these meals more than any delicacy. Case in point, poor man’s pudding. Dating back to the Great Depression, this pudding is made by pouring an absurd amount of maple syrup on to cake batter before it goes into the oven so the cake rises through the syrup. The spongy, sweet result is irresistible. You can find this great dessert in any authentic French-Canadian restaurant, and even in bigger chains like St-Hubert.